Second Punic War > Macedonian–Carthaginian Treaty

Macedonian–Carthaginian Treaty


The Macedonian-Carthaginian Treaty, also known as the First Macedonian-Carthaginian Treaty, was an alliance agreement formed between Philip V of Macedon and Hannibal Barca of Carthage around 215 BC during the Second Punic War. The Second Punic War, which pitted Rome against Carthage, also saw various powers in the eastern Mediterranean, including Macedon, attempting to exploit the conflict for their own gain. Philip V of Macedon sought to expand his influence in Greece and the Aegean region, while Carthage, led by Hannibal, aimed to weaken Rome by forming alliances with its enemies. Philip V aimed to expand Macedonian influence in Greece, assert control over key territories such as Illyria and Thessaly, and challenge Roman dominance in the region. Hannibal sought allies to support his military campaign in Italy and weaken Rome's control over the western Mediterranean.

Key Provisions:

The treaty established a mutual defense pact between Macedon and Carthage, wherein each party pledged to provide military support to the other in case of attack. The treaty likely included provisions regarding territorial boundaries and spheres of influence, with Macedon possibly gaining Carthaginian support in its territorial ambitions in Greece and the Aegean. Given Carthage's naval prowess and Macedon's interest in expanding its naval capabilities, the treaty may have included provisions for naval cooperation and support.


The Macedonian-Carthaginian Treaty strengthened both parties strategically by aligning their interests against Rome and potentially providing mutual support in their respective theaters of conflict. The alliance between Macedon and Carthage posed a significant challenge to Rome's dominance in the Mediterranean, as it threatened to disrupt Roman supply lines and open up new fronts in the war.

The Macedonian-Carthaginian Treaty marked an important diplomatic maneuver in the context of the Second Punic War, highlighting the complexity of alliances and rivalries in the Mediterranean world during that period. Although the exact details and duration of the treaty are unclear, it exemplified the shifting alliances and opportunistic diplomacy that characterized the power struggles of the Hellenistic and Mediterranean world during the era.

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