Punic Wars > Bibliography


Punic Wars - Punic Wars Decoration


The historical analysis of the Punic Wars and largely the study of Carthage and the Punic civilization is very fraught with problems and speculation. Most of the culture, records and history of the Carthaginians was destroyed following the end of the Third Punic War. There are very few primary source documents regarding the Punic Wars and a minuscule fraction of them are Carthaginian. In fact, we do not even know what they called the wars, we use the Roman name for them, based on the Roman name for their civilization.

In fact, it must also be understand there was a tremendous bias to justify this action by the Romans so they smeared the Carthaginians for centuries after. They were ridiculed in plays and even created insults out of their name. In light of this, most of our sources regarding the Punic Wars are Greek and Roman authors themselves. While here are some translations of Punic inscriptions into Greek and Latin these are few and far between.

It must be understand that even the Greek cities were in competition with Carthage at well, and even their accounts are not unbiased regarding this ultra-wealthy and envious civilization. In fact, there are several Greek authors known to have taken a favorable view against the Carthaginians but unfortunately (or fortunately depending on your perspective) those works have been lost to history.

So in conclusion, when reading the history of the Punic Wars it is important to take into account the Roman and Greek bias. We attempted the best historical reconstruction of the conflict based on all of the sources, evidence and data available but despite this the objectivity of the content is still a controversy in history and archaeology.

Primary Sources

The main primary source writers for the Punic Wars included;

  • Livy
  • Polybius
  • Appian
  • Cornelius Nepos
  • Silius Italicus
  • Plutarch
  • Dio Cassius
  • Herodotus

Secondary Sources

Sabalico Logo
Sabali Mail Logo
Domain Search Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website On Logo
Code Editor Logo
ASCII Table Logo
HTML Symbols Logo
Emoji Symbols Logo
Encode File Logo
Generator Password Logo
QR Code Generator Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Online Sign Logo
Dictionary Online Logo
Counter Word Logo
Text Convert Logo
Lorem Ipsum Generator Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Resize Image Logo
Image Compress Logo
Image Color Logo
Image Crop Logo
Combine Images Logo
Color Picker Logo
Color Convert Logo
CSS Gradient Logo
To-Do List Logo
Calendar Free Logo
Generator Meme Logo
Word Spinner Logo
Phone Country Logo
Sabalytics Logo
Senty Logo
World Map Logo
SEO Guide Logo
Keyword Tool Logo
What is my IP Logo
My Device Logo
My Browser Logo
My Location Logo
Time Zone Logo
Day Map Logo
My Weather Logo
My Galaxy Logo
The Moon Logo
Periodic Table Logo
rStatistics Logo
Unit Convert Logo
Data Convert Logo
Coordinate Converter Logo
Temperature Convert Logo
2020 Election Logo
Currency Convert Logo
Free Calculator Logo
Finance Calculator Logo
Loan Calculator Logo
Calculator Mortgage Logo
Stock Calculator Logo
Bond Calculator Logo
Tax Calculator Logo
Tip Calculator Logo
Gas Mileage Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo