Second Punic War Battles > Battle of Carmone

Battle of Carmone

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The Battle of Carmone, also known as the Battle of Carmona, occurred in 207 BC during the Second Punic War. It was fought between the forces of Rome, led by the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio (Scipio Africanus), and the Carthaginian army commanded by Hasdrubal Gisco. After his successful campaign in Hispania, Scipio Africanus sought to confront the Carthaginian forces under Hasdrubal Gisco to further weaken Carthaginian control in the region. Hasdrubal Gisco, realizing the threat posed by Scipio's advance, gathered his forces near the town of Carmone (modern-day Carmona) in southern Spain, intending to defend the area against the Roman invasion.

Publius Cornelius Scipio deployed his Roman legions and allied Spanish troops in a formation suited to the terrain around Carmone, taking advantage of hills and natural obstacles to protect his flanks. Hasdrubal Gisco positioned his Carthaginian army on higher ground, utilizing the advantageous terrain to establish a defensive position and fortifying it with entrenchments and obstacles.


The battle began with skirmishes between the advanced scouting parties of both armies, as they sought to gain information about the enemy's position and intentions. Scipio Africanus, known for his strategic brilliance, devised a plan to outflank the Carthaginian position. He ordered a feigned retreat to draw the Carthaginians out of their fortified position and into open terrain. As the Carthaginian forces pursued the retreating Romans, Scipio launched a surprise counterattack, catching the Carthaginians off guard and inflicting heavy casualties on their ranks.


The Battle of Carmone ended in a decisive victory for the Romans. The Carthaginian army suffered heavy losses, and Hasdrubal Gisco was forced to retreat with the remnants of his forces. The Roman victory at Carmone further weakened Carthaginian control in Hispania and enhanced Scipio Africanus' reputation as a skilled military commander.

The Battle of Carmone was a significant engagement in the Second Punic War, as it demonstrated the effectiveness of Roman tactics and strategy in confronting and defeating the Carthaginian forces in Hispania. The Roman victory at Carmone paved the way for further Roman successes in Hispania and ultimately contributed to Rome's eventual victory in the Second Punic War.

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