Second Punic War Battles > Battle of Cirta

Battle of Cirta

Punic Wars - Punic Wars Decoration


The Battle of Cirta, also known as the Siege of Cirta, occurred in 203 BC during the Second Punic War between the forces of Rome, led by Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, and the Carthaginian garrison defending the city of Cirta (modern-day Constantine) in Numidia (present-day Algeria). After his victories in Hispania and North Africa, Scipio Africanus pursued the Carthaginian commander, Hasdrubal Gisco, to Numidia. Hasdrubal sought refuge in the city of Cirta, where he established a defensive position. Cirta was an important city in Numidia, strategically located in the heart of the region. Its capture would further weaken Carthaginian control over North Africa and strengthen Scipio's position in the region.

Scipio Africanus led the Roman forces in the siege of Cirta, deploying his troops to surround the city and cut off its supply lines. The Roman army consisted of both Roman legionaries and allied Numidian cavalry. Hasdrubal Gisco commanded the Carthaginian garrison defending Cirta, utilizing the city's fortifications and natural defenses to resist the Roman assault.


The battle began with a series of skirmishes and raids between the Roman besiegers and the Carthaginian defenders as both sides jockeyed for position and sought to gain the upper hand. Scipio Africanus, known for his strategic brilliance, employed siege tactics to gradually weaken the defenses of Cirta and wear down the Carthaginian garrison. The Roman blockade and siege tactics put increasing pressure on the Carthaginian defenders, leading to shortages of food and supplies within the city.


The Battle of Cirta ended in a victory for Rome, as the Carthaginian garrison was unable to withstand the prolonged siege and the pressure exerted by the Roman forces. With the fall of Cirta to the Romans, Scipio Africanus further solidified Roman control over North Africa and weakened Carthaginian influence in the region. The capture of Cirta was a significant achievement for Rome, as it demonstrated the effectiveness of Roman siege warfare and strategy in overcoming well-fortified defenses. The Roman victory at Cirta contributed to Scipio Africanus' reputation as one of Rome's greatest military commanders and paved the way for further Roman successes in the Second Punic War, ultimately leading to the defeat of Carthage.

Second Punic War

+ Second Punic War Links


Livy, Titus (trans. Rev. Canon Roberts). The History of Rome, Volume 4. London: J. M. Dent & Sons, Limited, 1905. pp. 11-12

Sabalico Logo
Sabalytics Logo
World Map Logo
rStatistics Logo
Time Zone Logo
Galaxy View Logo
Periodic Table Logo
My Location Logo
Weather Track Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website Tools Logo
Image Tools Logo
Color Tools Logo
Text Tools Logo
Finance Tools Logo
File Tools Logo
Data Tools Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo