People > Roman Generals

Roman Generals

Punic Wars - Punic Wars Decoration


During the Punic Wars there was a larger number of Roman generals than Carthaginian generals due to the structure of the military in the Roman Republic. Unless a dictator was appointed by the Senate, consuls and praetors were placed in charge of various military campaigns and usually only served for a year, but there are some exceptions. Due to this, the consular and praetorian armies often changed leadership and their generals often.

Hanno the Great, also known as Hanno II the Great, was a prominent Carthaginian statesman and military leader during the 3rd century BCE. He is best known for his influence in Carthaginian politics and his role during the First Punic War and the Mercenary War. Here is an overview of his life and career:

Background and Early Life

Political and Military Career

First Punic War (264-241 BCE)

Post-War Period and the Mercenary War (241-237 BCE)

Role in the Mercenary War

Political Influence


Hanno the Great's career exemplified the complexities of Carthaginian politics and the challenges of leading a city-state in a time of constant conflict and upheaval. His cautious and conservative approach provided a necessary counterpoint to the more ambitious and aggressive strategies of his contemporaries.

First Punic War Generals

See First Punic War Generals

L. Postumius Megellus (261 BC)

Q. Mamilius Vitulus (261) BC)

Gaius Duillius (260 BC)

Marcus Atilius Regulus (256/255 BC)

L. Caecilius Metellus (251 BC)

Aulus Atilius Calatinus (249 BC)

Claudius Pulcher (249 BC)

Second Punic War Generals

See Second Punic War Generals

Aemilius Papus (224 BC)

Caius Atilius Regulus (224 BC)

Marcus Claudius Marcellus (222 BC)

Publius Cornelius Scipio the Elder (218 BC)

Titius Sempronius (218 BC)

Gaius Flaminius (217 BC)

Lucius Aemilius Paulus (216 BC)

Publius Terentius Varro (216 BC)

Marcus Claudius Marcellus (216/215/214/210/209 BC)

Q. Fulvius Flaccus (212 BC)

Appius Claudius (212 BC)

Publius Cornelius Scipio (211 BC)

Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio (211 BC)

Fulvius Centumalus (210 BC)

P. Cornelius Scipio the Younger (208/203/202 BC)

Gaius Claudius Nero (207 BC)

Sempronius (204 BC)

Third Punic War Generals

See Third Punic War Generals

Scipio Aemilianus (146 BC)


Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

The Military Decorations of the Roman Army, by Valerie A. Maxfield

Ancient History of Greece and Rome - John Russell

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